New Education Policy 2020 Key Highlights
Table of Contents
Indian Govt has launched the new Education Policy of India, 2020, with some massive changes and amendments compared to the last policy.
Infact, National Education Policy has been revamped after a gap of 34 years, and this was much needed as well.
India and the world in the 1980s were a lot different than in 2020, and creating a new, diversified and advanced educational vision was important, and urgent.
Here are the 5 biggest, futuristic changes which will have long term implications for Indian students, and India’s future.
Name Of The Ministry
Ministry of Human Resource has been changed to the Ministry Of Education.
It’s still baffling, why it took 34 years to make this change. Resources signified Indian kids as an entity, an item that can be just thrown around.
Education means a way of life.
Coding From Class 6th
School children will be now taught coding from class 6th.
This is a big, important decision by the Govt.
The concept of programming and coding helps a long way in problem-solving and creating a result-oriented mentality. Along with Maths and English, Coding too will become mainstream.
This whole exciting world of IT will seep deep into villages and towns.
More Choices For Students
Under the new Education Policy, there will be no restriction on choosing a different stream.
One of the most outdated rules was that if a student is into Arts, they cannot choose Maths.
Or if you are an engineer, doing humanities is not possible.
Now, anyone can choose anything. The credits, marks will be transferred as per a new standard, benchmark.
Besides, a student can leave after 1 year, or 2 or 3 years or complete their graduation. For every year of completion, they get a diploma degree.
This converts to more freedom, and more choices.
Real World Experience For Students
From class 6, students can learn a skill, trade, business vertical by doing actual work under them. Like, a student can work with an artist, an entrepreneur, maybe an astronaut.
This will help young students to gain actual, real-world and practical experience of this world.
Football ~ English
Every sport will have the same marks and weightage, like that of say English or Geography or Maths.
It opens up a new paradigm for those students, who know sports is their ultimate dream. And what’s better than to get equal marks based on their talent.
These were the 5 biggest changes, as per our opinion.
For the full list of changes, and additions, you can visit here.
New National Education Policy 2020: School Education Key Highlights
- Existing 10+2 Structure to be modified to 5+3+3+4 structure where the first three years would be formative play school years of nurser and Kindergarden. The structure would cover ages of 3 to 18 years of age. Explained the new structure.
- Foundational State of 3 and 2 years would include play school and Grades 1 and 2, Preperatory Stages of Grade 3 to 5, Middle School of Grades 6 to 8 and Secondary Stage of Grades 9 to 12.
- Emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education or ECCE for ages 3 to 6 where provisions would be made to ensure universal access to high qualify ECCE across the country in phased manner.
- 4 years for higher secondary gets lift up – Arts, Commerce, Science removed – Students to choose what they want to choose. Coding to begin from Class 6. Music, Arts, Sports, would be at the same level. Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school – including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills
- Early childhood care and education to get a complete National mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy to be set up to focus on foundational literacy.
- Indian Knowledge Systems, Languages, Culture and Values to be given focus. Furthermore, Technology would be used extensively. E-Content in Regional Languages would be developed and not only in Hindi and Englis. School sto be digitally equipped. National Educational Technology Forum, NETF would be formed.
- All State/UT governments will prepare an implementation plan for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade 3 to be achieved by 2025.
- NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades 3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and life-enrichment programs.
- Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials – key concepts, ideas, applications and problem solving. Emphasis on critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning
- The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
New National Education Policy 2020: Higher Education Key Highlights
- Regulatory Sytem of Higher Education to be distinct for regulation, accredition, funding and academic standard setting – all under the umbrella of Higher Education Commission of India or HECI.
- 4 Verticals of HECI to be National Higher Education Regulatory Council or HNERC, National Accreditation Council (NAC), Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) and General Education Council (GEC) which would further form a National Higher Education Qualification Framework.
- UGC, AICTE to be replaced by a single Higher Education Regulator – HECI.
- The professional councils, such as the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), Veterinary Council of India (VCI), National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), Council of Architecture (CoA), National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) etc., will act as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs).
- Universities to be named not on the basis of ownership but on quality of education.
- Impetus to multidisciplinary education. Even IITs to move towards a more holistic curriculum with arts and himanoties.
- The undergraduate degree will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications, e.g., a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme. The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme, however, shall be the preferred option.
- Students pursuing 4 year degree programme would have an option of getting a degree with Research if the research process is completed in the are of study as specified.
- National Research Foundation would be set up with a goal to enavle ‘a culture of research’. NRF would be governed independently by rotating board of governors. Primary task or NRF would be to fund competitive, peer reviewed grant proposals of all types and across all disciplines and also act as a liasion between researchers and relevant branches of government so as to allow breakthroughs.
Major reforms suggested in the higher education to give more flexibility to the students. Studentrs can choose any set of subjects for higher education, take sabbatical and other options.